Detection and Diagnosis
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A doctor will usually do a blood test and/or physical examination to check the health of the prostate
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA):
The measurement of PSA level has revolutionized the diagnosis of prostate cancer. PSA is a protein produced by cells in the prostate and also by prostate cancer cells. The higher the level, the more likely the existence of prostate cancer.
Digital rectal examination (DRE):
Insertion of a finger into the rectum by a healthcare professional to check for hard or lumpy areas in the prostate.
Insertion of a probe, that acts as an ultrasound, into the rectum to check the prostate for abnormal areas.
Scans and x-rays:
Used to determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
A biopsy is a definitive way in which to confirm the presence of cancer cells in the prostate. It involves the insertion of needles through the rectum into the prostate to remove small tissue samples. A pathologist will assess the cancer cells and provide a Gleason Score. A higher Gleason Score indicates a more aggressive cancer that is more likely to spread quickly.